North Carolina 4-H Presentation Guidelines: Horse
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- Encourage 4-H’ers to teach others how to do something related to horses by the correct use of visuals or equipment.
- Improve 4-H members’ confidence in their ability to present information in a logical and concise manner.
- Increase the level of horse knowledge and expertise.
- Increase 4-H members’ study skills and ability to use correct English.
- 8-10 – 4-H’er must be 8 years old prior to January 1 of the current year and not have reached their eleventh birthday before January 1 of the current year.
- 11-13 – 4-H’er must be eleven years old prior to January 1 of the current year and not have reached their fourteenth birthday before January 1 of the current year.
- 14-18 – 4-H’er must be fourteen years of age prior to January 1 of the current year, and not have reached their nineteenth birthday before January 1 of the current year.
- Each contestant must be an actual 4-H club member interested in horses. Members of 4-H are not eligible, however, to participate in a horse presentation or illustrated talk if by the date of the district contest they will have completed a year of training beyond the high school level in a communication course that requires public speaking. Participants do not need their own horse(s).
- The horse presentation contest is divided into 9-10, 11-13, and 14-18 divisions. Each county will be allowed to enter two (2) individual’s in each division and 1 team in each division in district competition during District Activity Days. Only one winner and runner-up, either an individual or a team, will be declared a district winner. The district winners in each division will compete in the state finals which will be held during the STATE 4-H HORSE SHOW. District Activity Day rules will apply towards participation in other activities.
- The state winner and runner-up of the 14-18 division will be eligible to represent North Carolina in the Southern Regional contest in accordance with the rules of that contest. The state winning 14-18 division individual will be eligible to represent North Carolina in other national contests if such contests are offered in accordance with the rules of those contests. The state is not responsible for providing expenses to these contests but will attempt to assist.
- Previous state winners representing North Carolina in the Southern Regional competition or other national contests are ineligible for further state competition.
N.C. 4-H Horse Presentation Score Sheet. Extension Horse Husbandry, NCSU, Box 7523, Raleigh, NC 27695-7523. Phone (919/515-5784); Fax (919/515-8518).
4-H Presentations (4H L-1-172) will be helpful in preparing youths for this contest. Also Judging Presentations and the 4-H Scorecard will be helpful. Both are available from the office of 4-H Youth Development at North Carolina State University.
- At the discretion of the State 4-H Horse Advisory Board, individual and team presentation contests may be combined. Consult the annual Advisory Board Minutes.
- Two(2) youth per age division may participate from each county as individual’s however, only one team is allowed from each county per age division.
- Demonstrations or illustrated talks may be on any horse-related subject.
- An Individual Presentation must be a minimum of 4 minutes (8-10, 11-13) or 8 minutes (14-18) and not longer than 12 minutes. One point will be deducted per judge, for each minute, or fraction thereof, under 4 minutes (8-10, 11-13) or 9 minutes (14-18) or over 12 minutes.
- The demonstration or illustrated talks will be judged equally on the following basis:
Introduction (10 points)
Subject Matter (30 points)
Organization (15 points)
Technique (25 points)
Originality (10 points)
Demonstrator (5 points)
Summary (5 points)
- Notes and visuals may be used. Visuals should be neat, legible, and large enough to read easily. Contestants should note their major references.
Suggested Topics or Ideas for Horse Demonstrations, Illustrated Talks, Public Speaking Contest or Club Meetings
Breeding:Selecting a Broodmare or Stallion
Important Points in a Breeding Contract
Types of Breeding Systems
How to Tease Mares
Solving Breeding Problems
Handling and Equipment for Breeding
Care of Mare and Foal
Fertility or Disease
Management Practices for Broodmares
Anatomy and Function of Reproductive Tract
Feeding:What to Look for in Good Quality Hay
Nutrients– How They are Used and Supplied
Balancing a Horse Ration
Digestive Organs in the Horse
How to Select a Supplement
Feed Management Practices
Pasture Selection, Renovation and/or Fertilization
Types of Pasture
Control of Internal Parasites
Control of External Parasites
Founder — Cause and Treatment
Colic — How to Recognize, Treat and Prevent
Azoturia or Typing-Up
Sleeping Sickness — What It Is and How to Prevent It
How to Recognize a Sick Horse
What to Know Before Calling Your Veterinarian
How to Bandage a Horse
Emergency First Aid
What is Needed in a First Aid Kit (Barn, Trailer, Breeding Farm)
How to Treat a Leg Injury (Splint, Bowed Tendon, Muscle Sprain, Cut)
Fistula Withers — Cause, Treatment and Prevention
Thrush — Recognize, Treatment and Prevention
Epiphysitis — Cause and Treatment
How to Locate an Injury
How to Determine Lameness
How to Give an Injection
Medicating the Untrained or Stubborn Horses
Design Farm or Barn
Stall Requirements, Shelter, Bedding
How to Determine the Horse’s Age
Make a Measuring Stick and Show How to Measure Horses
How to Prepare a Yearling for Sale
Types of Fences for Horse Pasture
Clipping the Problem Horse
Trimming the Horse’s Feet Correctly Trailer Safety
How to Keep Records on a Horse Farm
Care of the Newborn Foal
Shoeing — When to Shoe, Shoe Selection, Corrective Shoeing
Horseman’s Knots — How and When to Use Them
Selection:Conformation as it Relates to Athletic Ability
Important Points in Buying a Horse
Specific Discussion on a Structural
Unsoundness — Bench Knees, Parrot Mouth, Etc.
How to Evaluate and Compare Horses Objectively
How to Organize and Give Oral Reasons
How to Judge a Working Hunter Class, Western Pleasure, Reining, Etc.
Anatomy of the Front Leg
Anatomy of the Foot
Anatomy and Function of the Eye
Training:How to Catch, Halter and Lead a Horse
How and Where to Tie a Horse
Teaching A Foal to Lead
Vices and How to Prevent Them
Loading Problem Horses
Selecting the Proper Bit
Breaking a Young Horse
How to Train a Horse to Rein, Stop, Jump, Etc.
Training a Western Pleasure Horse, Reining, Hunter, Race Horses, Etc.
When and How to Use Draw Reins, Tiedowns, Etc.
Genetics:Registration Papers — How to Complete What They Say
Coat Colors or Markings –How to Differentiate
Genetics of Coat Color
Genetics of Speed, Conformation
Evolution of the Horse
History of Quarter Horses
Linebreeding — Why
Crossbreeding — Is It Helpful
Showing:Discuss Attire for a Specific Riding Style
Show and Discuss Riding Seat (Saddle, Hunt or Stock)
Tips for Showmanship
Grooming a Horse Correctly
What is Judged in Western Riding, English Pleasure, Etc.
How to Thin Manes and Tails
How to Braid Horses
Selecting the Correct Saddle to Fit
Organizing or Conducting a Horse Show
Miscellaneous:Discuss a Riding Event — Fox Hunting, Endurance Races, Steeple Chases, Racing, Competitive Trail Riding, Polo, Etc.
How to Fix a Bridle, Halter, or Saddle
Making Your Own Equipment (Bridle, Blankets, Halter, Etc.)
History and Attributes of Morgans
How to Photograph Horses
How to Build A Creep Feeder
How to Restore, Clean, and Preserve Leather
Methods of Horse Identification
- Judges will review and critique each presentation prior to announcing the State winners.
- NC 4-H Horse Program Horse Presentation Scorecard will be used.
- Judges will be instructed to ask questions pertaining specifically to the topic. The audience is prohibited from asking questions. Question time will not be counted toward the allotted time period.
- District Winners: Medallion & Monetary awards are listed in the 4-H Awards Handbook.
- State Winner: Medallion & Monetary awards are listed in the 4-H Awards Handbook.