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North Carolina 4-H Presentation Guidelines: Livestock and Dairy Production

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Purpose/Objectives

  • Encourage youth to teach other youth management techniques and educate audiences about issues facing the livestock and dairy industries by using visual aids and/or equipment.
  • Give youth confidence in their ability to orally present information logically and concisely.
  • Increase the level of knowledge and expertise of production technologies and issues of the livestock and dairy industries.
  • Increase members’ study skills and ability to use correct English.

Eligibility:

Individuals or teams may compete.

  • 8-10 – 4-H’er must be 8 years old before January 1 of the current year and not have reached their eleventh birthday before January 1 of the current year.
  • 11-13 – 4-H’er must be eleven years old before January 1 of the current year and not have reached their fourteenth birthday before January 1 of the current year.
  • 14-18 – 4-H’er must be fourteen years of age before January 1 of the current year and not have reached their nineteenth birthday before January 1 of the current year.

Suggestions/Helpful Hints:

These presentations should be presented to clubs and associations in the county and surrounding areas to improve the livestock and dairy industries’ awareness.

Suggested Topics:

  • Feeding: Urinary Calculi; Balancing Rations; Feeds & their Function; Feedlot Equipment & Uses; Early Colostrum Feeding; By-Product Feeds; Water Requirements & Equipment; Hay &/or Silage for Cattle/Sheep; Vitamins in Rations; Minerals in Rations; Grains & their Relative Value; Protein Supplements; Feed Additives (Ionophores & Coccidiostats); Creep Feeding; Fescue Fungus; By-Pass Proteins; Immune System; Feed Toxins.
  • Management: Animal Growth Curves; Use of Dogs; Docking; Dehorning; Castration; Vaccination; Implants; Pasture Rotation; Ventilation & Drip Cooling Systems; Saving More Baby Pigs; Care of Young Animals at Birth; Soil & Forage Management; Identification Systems; Waste Management & Confinement Safety; DHIA Records; Heat Stress; Growth Hormone & Beta-Agonists; Proper Milking Procedures.
  • Herd Health: Control of Internal & External; Parasites; Disease Losses; Disease Prevention & Control; Prevent Pig Scours; Brucellosis; Mastitis Prevention/Somatic Cell Counts; Foot Care Trimming.
  • Promotion: How to Take Livestock Photos; Laying Out an Ad; How to Show Livestock; Judging of Animals.
  • Marketing: Methods of Marketing; Marketing Classes of Animals; Grades & Grading of Stock; Culling Procedures; Milk Marketing.
  • Genetics & Reproduction: Performance Records (EPD, FEPD, etc.); Performance Testing; Selecting Breeding Animals; Artificial Insemination; Handling Birthing Problems (calving/ lambing/farrowing); Breeding Systems for Multiple Farrowing; Phases of Gestation; Management of Breeding Stock; Embryo Transfer; Estrus Detection; Pedigree Interpretation.
  • Handling: Hog Houses; Farrowing Crates; Equipment for Handling; Loading & Hauling; Preventing Bruise Damage; Keep Them Comfortable; How Many Make A Load; Make a Rope Halter & Neck Rope; Trimming Feet; Creep Feeders; A Good Corral; Facility & Housing Design.
  • Economics: Sell Your Forage & Grain Through Livestock; By-Products From Livestock; Value of Livestock; Farm Records; Utilizing Crop Residues in Feeding; Livestock.
  • Industry Issues: Environmental Issues; Animal Rights/Welfare; Grazing of Governmental Lands; Soil Conservation – Livestock Effects.

Resources:

N.C. Cooperative Extension Office (in your county)

North Carolina Cattlemen’s Association -2228 N Main Street, Fuquay-Varina, NC 27526 ; (919)552-9111

North Carolina Pork Producers Association- 156 Mine Lake Ct., Raleigh, NC 27615; 919/846-9758

National Cattlemen’s Beef Association – 5420 S. Quebec St., Greenwood Village, CO 80111; (303)694-0305

Purebred Dairy Cattle Association – c/o Holstein Foundation, PO Box 816, Brattleboro, VT 05302-0816

“Uniform Scorecard for Judging Junior Dairy Fitting and Showmanship Contests” “Dairy Cow Unified Score Card”

NC Pork Industry Handbook – Extension Swine Husbandry – NCSU, Box 7621, Raleigh, NC 27695-7621; 919/515-4000

Sheep Industry Handbook – Sheep Industry Development Program, Inc., 6911 South Yosemite St., Englewood, CO 80112-141; 303/771-3500

Hoard’s Dairyman Magazine and Dairy Herd Management Magazine

North Carolina State University

Extension Animal Husbandry Newsletters & Fact Sheets

Extension Dairy Husbandry Newsletter & Fact Sheets

NC Cow-Calf Handbook – NC State University, attn.: Cow-Calf Handbook, Box 7621, Raleigh, NC 27695-7621

“Feeding the Dairy Calf from Birth to Weaning” AG-470 “Feeding Dairy Heifers from Weaning to Calving” AG-471

World Wide Web Sites:

North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service – https://www.ces.ncsu.edu

Oklahoma State University – http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/library

Net Vet & Electronic Zoo – http://netvet.wustl.edu

United States Department of Agriculture – http://www.ars.usda.gov

National Pork Producers Council –http://www.nppc.org

Rules/Regulations:

  • Entrants in this contest may present a demonstration or illustrated talk or combine these two methods in their respective divisions.
  • Presentations should emphasize the production, management, marketing, industry issues, etc., of the livestock or dairy industries. Any subject or topic related to livestock or dairy that will lend itself to a demonstration that has economic importance would be satisfactory.
  • The use of visual aids to emphasize major points of a demonstration is encouraged.
  • 8-10, 11-13 presentations must be at least 5 minutes long. 14-18 presentations must be at least 8 minutes long. No presentation should exceed 12 minutes in length. This does not include time allowed for questions.
  • Areas of consideration:
      • Appearance
      • Introduction
      • Subject Matter
      • Summary
      • Presentation
      Questions answered appropriately
  • Entry must be completed in its entirety and meet the deadline date established by the 4-H office to be considered for participation.
  • The same presentation may be repeated from one year to the next; however, the individual’s personal development will be much greater if the presentation is revised and improved.
  • When the winner cannot attend Congress or participate in the state presentation contest, the district scholarship will be given to the District runner-up if the District runner-up registers and attends Congress for the week and participates in the presentation contest.
  • Four-H members may continue to compete in a particular presentation category until declared a state winner.
  • For competition in a presentation category, a “team” may be composed of no more than two individuals.
  • District winners (8-10, 11-13, 14-18) and runner-ups (11-13 & 14-18 only) are eligible to compete at the State competition.

Awards: